Fungi-generated ketone biofuels

Several strains of endophytic fungi have been shown to directly convert lignocellulosic biomass to a wide range of potential biofuels. Understanding the combustion chemistry of these compounds is key to providing fuel target recommendations for synthetic biologists to optimize and scale-up these fungi metabolic pathways.

Should the United States adopt a universal octane rating?

Adopting an ideal octane rating can save refineries and consumers money over the next 30 years, but what is the optimal production path to follow?

Generating kinetic mechanisms automatically

Combustion kinetics and more modeled using our open source Reaction Mechanism Generator (RMG).

Kinetics Modeling

We build kinetic models important for many technologically important systems, including combustion, pyrolysis, and atmospheric oxidation of organic compounds.

Chemical Dynamics Lab

Measuring chemical kinetics of gas phase radical reaction using a novel laser apparatus.

Supercritical water desulfurization of crude oil

Sulfur is an impurity found in crude oil which is a precursor to environmental pollutants such as SOx. We are developing a method to use supercritical water to remove sulfur from crude oil.
The Green research group focuses on the central problem of reactive chemical engineering: quantitatively predicting the time evolution of chemical mixtures. Accurate chemical kinetic models are extremely powerful and valuable, since they allow predictions about the impact of modifying a system; already many significant public policy and business decisions are made on the basis of kinetic model predictions. For example, the Montreal Protocol, which imposed a worldwide ban on certain halocarbons, was based on a kinetic model of the ozone layer. We are developing this simulation technology to solve practical problems related to the atmospheric chemistry of organic pollutants, the conversion of natural gas to liquid fuels, the oxidation of organics in the gas and liquid phase, the removal of sulfur contaminants from gasoline, and the formation of carcinogenic pollutants in combustion.